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Crown Fontaine junio 11, 2008

Posted by christian saucedo in Media facade.
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Tipo.  Fachada media – auto activa

Autor.  Jaume Plensa

Autor instalación. Philips . Color kinetics

Edificio. Parque del milenio de Chicago

Ciudad. Chicago

País. Estados Unidos

Año. 2004

Web. http://www.millenniumpark.org/artandarchitecture/crown_fountain.html

Imágenes. http://colorkinetics.com/showcase/installs/crown/

Video. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3oNI4k8pVHE&feature=related

Vía. http://colorkinetics.com

Descripción

La obra de Jaume Plensa Crown Fontaine Construida en el Millenium Park de Chicago, se trata de la integración de dos monolitos de cristal y granito inscritos en una superficie que ocupa cerca de 2.200 metros cuadrados. Cada una de estas piezas ha sido situada un estanque rectangular como si estubiesen suspendidas en uns enorme piscina, lo que permite de alguna manera al visitante “caminar sobre el agua”, que alcanza sólo tres milímetros de espesor. Durante los tres meses más intensos del invierno, debido a que el frío intenso helaría el agua, el estanque estará seco, pero el resto del año, como ya está sucediendo incluso antes de la inauguración oficial, son muchos los niños y jóvenes que aprovechan para refrescarse.

En cada extremo del estanque, surgiendo del abundante líquido, se han situado como ya se dijo, dos grandes torres de 16 metros de altura que fueron construidos con bloques de vidrio transparente. Tres de los lados de estos bloques se iluminan con diferentes colores que van variando; las dos caras interiores, las que dan al estanque, están recubiertas de una pantalla LED, en la que van apareciendo, con una frecuencia de entre cinco y diez minutos, caras de ciudadanos anónimos de Chicago que se han grabado gracias a la ayuda de la escuela del Art Institute de Chicago. De momento se han introducido 300 rostros, pero está previsto que se vayan incorporando nuevas caras, hasta superar el millar. De la boca de estos rostros surge también, de forma intermitente, un chorro de agua, con lo que las imágenes animadas se transforman en gárgolas contemporáneas.

Description

Designed by Spanish artist Jaume Plensa and inspired by the people of Chicago, The Crown Fountain is a major addition to the city’s world-renowned public art collection. 

The fountain consists of two 50-foot glass block towers at each end of a shallow reflecting pool. The towers project video images from a broad social spectrum of Chicago citizens, a reference to the traditional use of gargoyles in fountains, where faces of mythological beings were sculpted with open mouths to allow water, a symbol of life, to flow out. Plensa adapted this practice by having faces of Chicago citizens projected on LED screens and having water flow through a water outlet in the screen to give the illusion of water spouting from their mouths. The collection of faces, Plensa’s tribute to Chicagoans, was taken from a cross-section of 1,000 residents. 

The fountain, which anchors the southwest corner of Millennium Park at Michigan Avenue and Monroe Streets, is a favorite of both children and families. The water is on from mid-spring through mid-fall each year (weather permitting,) while the images remain on year-round.

A fountain is the memory of nature, this marvelous sound of a little river in the mountains translated to the city. For me, a fountain doesn’t mean a big jet of water. It means humidity, the origin of life.
-Jaume Plensa

The fountain encompasses two 50-foot (15-meter) glass block towers that are linked by a 232-foot (71-meter) reflecting pool. The translucent glass towers, designed by Krueck & Sexton Architects, were intended to gradually change color – a challenge posed to lighting design firm Schuler Shook. According to Jim Baney, a Principal at the firm, “Based on our experience with other color changing fixtures, the LED solution promised to be the lowest maintenance solution. Several of Mr. Plensa’s previous projects had used LED fixtures, so he was comfortable with this technology.” 

Baney and team chose ColorBlast 12 – approximately 70 units per tower – to achieve the desired colors and dynamic effects. The units’ compact size made it possible to install them where needed to properly illuminate the tower structures and glass. Plensa wanted the towers to appear light and translucent, with their internal structures reflecting light from behind the glass surface. As such, the ColorBlast units were installed on continuous channels mounted between the glass blocks and the structures, aiming straight upwards to illuminate the structures just beyond the glass. The towers glow from within on three sides, while the fourth sides feature Barco LED display screens that face each other across the reflecting pool – projecting the diverse faces of Chicago and nature scenes in video. Water cascades down along the towers into the pool below, forming the final element of Plensa’s vision.

Both the lighting and fountain controls respond to one main control system. The lighting controls consist of a DMX-based system, which easily integrates with the ColorBlast units, and dimmer racks for the halogen fixtures at the base of the towers. A rented theatrical console was used for the six sessions that were required to complete the life sequence programming. 

With its impressive composition of advanced materials, lighting and video technology, Crown Fountain is truly a monument of the 21st Century. 

 

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